Northern Rhodesia was a British protectorate before 24 October 1964, when it became the independent republic of Zambia under President Kaunda.

Many South Africans migrated to Northern Rhodesia from the 1930s to work on the mines and in supporting industries on the Copperbelt, in towns such as Luanshya, Ndola, Kitwe, Mufulira, Chingola and Bancroft, now Chililabombwe..  In addition, after WW2 many people from Britain came to Northern Rhodesia to work in mining or in the civil service.  Many of these people moved to South Africa in the 1960s and 1970s.

Stamp of Northern Rhodesia
A person born in Northern Rhodesia became at birth a British protected person.  From 1949 a resident of Northern Rhodesia could potentially became a citizen of the United Kingdom and Colonies by registration or naturalisation.  For a citizen of a Commonwealth country, such as South Africa, India, Pakistan or Australia, only 12 months residence was required.

Over the period from from 1 March 1958 to 31 December 1963, citizenship of the Federation of Rhodesia and Nyasaland completely replaced citizenship of the United Kingdom and Colonies.  A resident of Northern Rhodesia could become a citizen of the Federation by registration or naturalisation. For a citizen of a Commonwealth country, only two years of residence was required.

Rhodesia & Nyasaland Stamp
In addition, a citizen of a Commonwealth country whose name was on the Northern Rhodesia voters roll on 1 March 1958 automatically became a citizen of the Federation on that date. 

During the era of Federation citizenship, the government of the Federation issued British passports to its citizens and British protected persons resident in the Federation.  Previously and subsequently, the government of Northern Rhodesia issued British passports to citizens of the United Kingdom and Colonies and British protected persons resident in the territory.

Rhodesia & Nyasaland Five Pound Note
In some cases a citizen of the Federation later became British citizen or British Overseas citizen, or can today become a British citizen by registration. The rules are complex and each case must be examined on its merits. Passportia can find out and has handled many such claims successfully.

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  • A citizenship law specialist
  • Successful with complex claims
  • Supporting multiple countries
  • Fast, flexible and precise

About Passportia

My new British Passport has arrived. I just wanted to thank you for your professional service and efficiency. Mission accomplished now.

R.D. - Cape Town , South Africa, 2014